Coal jobs down, Coal tonnage mined up.

mining employment is a fraction of what it was during the heyday of coal mining in the 1910’s and 20’s:[6][7][8][5]
This chart didn’t reproduce at all. What is happening is that the first number after the year is the coal produced in that year, followed by the number of mine jobs, followed by the productivity of the miners. Coal production up, jobs down, productivity per miner up. Wages stagnant.

Year

Total U.S. Coal Production

Total U.S. Coal Miner Employment

Annual Production Per Miner

1900

269,684

448,581

0.60

1910

501,596

725,030

0.69

1920

658,265

784,621

0.84

1930

527,172

644,006

0.82

1940

512,256

530,388

0.97

1950

560,388

488,206

1.15

1955

490,838

258,616

1.90

1960

434,329

188,451

2.30

1965

526,954

144,864

3.64

1970

612,659

146,078

4.19

1975

654,641

193,787

3.38

1980

829,700

228,569

3.63

1985

883,638

169,281

5.22

1990

1,029,076

131,306

7.84

1995

1,033,000

83,462

12.38

2000

1,073,600

71,522

15.01

2006

1,162,750

82,595

14.08

Coal and jobs=0.12% of all jobs in US

Total coal-related jobs

There are approximately 174,000 blue-collar, full-time, permanent jobs related to coal in the U.S.: mining (83,000), transportation (31,000), and power plant employment (60,000). (See below for details on each sector.) The U.S. civilian labor force totaled 141,730,000 workers in 2005; thus, permanent blue-collar coal industry employees represent 0.12% of the U.S. workforce.[1] (Compare this percentage with the 1.89% of U.S. workers who worked in coal mining alone in 1920.)

This total does not include indirect employment – workers who are not directly employed in the coal industry, but whose jobs are supported by that industry. It is entirely possible that thousands – even tens of thousands – of workers are indirectly supported entirely by the coal industry. However, the National Coal Association’s 1994 estimate that the coal industry directly and indirectly employs around 1.5 million people[2] seems exaggerated. The level of indirect employment is in the low hundreds of thousands – not in the millions.

A 2014 assessment of global jobs found coal provides about seven million worldwide, while renewables (excluding biomass) provide 5.4 million worldwide, despite having only a quarter of the energy share as coal.[3]

Poll – US supports carbon rules

Two-thirds of United States residents support the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposal to reduce power plants’ carbon dioxide emissions, according to a poll released Wednesday by NBC News and the Wall Street Journal.

The survey found that 37 percent of respondents strongly support EPA’s proposal unveiled June 2, and 30 somewhat support it. Twenty-nine percent oppose it, the poll found.

More generally, 57 percent of respondents said they’d approve of a policy that would reduce greenhouse gas emissions, if even if meant higher electricity bills. That is the highest approval rating for that question since NBC and the Wall Street Journal started asking it.

Only 31 percent agreed that climate change is a serious problem that needs immediate action, but that was the highest response since 2007.

The NBC/Wall Street Journal survey came to a similar conclusion as a Bloomberg News survey a week prior. That June 11 poll found that 62 percent of United States residents would be willing to pay more in their electricity bills to reduce carbon pollution, and only 33 percent would not.

Read more: http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/209743-poll-shows-support-for-epas-climate-rules#ixzz3570QCv1P

Cool cities needed to fight Global Warming

Cities take steps to address extreme heat
Julia Pyper, E&E reporter
Published: Thursday, June 19, 2014
It’s that time of year again when sweat seeps through T-shirts and shoes feel as if they’re melting into the sidewalk.

But severe heat can do far more damage. High urban temperatures have negative effects on air quality, energy consumption, climate resilience, stormwater management and public health. In Chicago, for instance, almost 740 people died during a single weeklong heat wave in 1995.

Several cities across the United States and Canada are now taking steps to mitigate local heat and prevent future warming, according to a new survey by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) and the Global Cool Cities Alliance (GCCA). Of 26 medium and large cities, two-thirds cited extreme heat events and an increased number of high-heat days as the trigger for adopting policies to address the heat island effect.

Urban heat islands are created by the predominant dark, impermeable surfaces that absorb sunlight and heat-producing human activity like running vehicles and air conditioning systems. This global phenomenon can make cities hotter than surrounding suburban and rural areas by up to 20 degrees Fahrenheit.

“This type of weather, especially when it doesn’t cool off at night, can be deadly,” said Kurt Shickman, executive director of GCCA.

Between 1989 and 2000, the report states that heat caused more casualties than hurricanes, floods and tornadoes put together. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that between 1999 and 2010 excessive heat caused 7,415 premature deaths in the United States.

Walkable neighborhoods are cooler

Installing reflective and light-colored surfaces on walkways, roads and roofs is one of the most effective ways to address the heat island effect. For instance, U.S. EPA research shows that conventional asphalt can reach 120-150 F in the summer, while reflective pavement stays 50-70 degrees cooler.

Increasing the amount of vegetation in a city is another solution. Plants cool the air through evapotranspiration, remove air pollutants and provide shade.

Reducing the number of exhaust-spewing vehicles in a city by making it easier for people to walk will also mitigate the urban heat island. Walkable neighborhoods have other benefits. Two recent studies released by the American Diabetes Association found that people who live in walkable areas have substantially lower rates of obesity and diabetes than those who live in auto-dependent neighborhoods.

According to the GCCA website, the widespread implementation of the cool technologies could make a city cooler by 4-5 degrees F.

More than half of the 26 cities surveyed said they have requirements in place for reflective and vegetated roofing on private-sector buildings. And nearly every city had policies to increase tree canopy and improve stormwater management.

Washington, D.C., for instance, has put in place a suite of programs, such as Green Alleys, that help residents manage excess stormwater by replacing pavement with grass and trees. In 2009, New York set the goal to coat 1 million square feet of rooftop with light or reflective material each year so that all rooftops would be “cool” by 2035. And in reaction to the deadly 1995 heat wave, Chicago established the goal of having green roofs on 6,000 buildings by 2020.

The heat island report comes as preliminary data released this week by NASA found that global temperatures last month were the warmest of any May on record. NASA highlighted that the results do not yet include data from China and so are not directly comparable to earlier records. However, a separate analysis by the Japanese Meteorological Agency also found that surface temperatures in May 2014 were the warmest of any May in recorded history.

On Tuesday, D.C. set its own record-high temperature of 97 degrees F, surpassing the old record of 95 degrees F set in 1991, according to the National Weather Service. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration will release its global temperature data Monday.

Cost of controlling carbon pollutoin

Althought the US Chamber of Commerce has wildly exaggerated the cost of new EPA rules controlling carbon, at $51 billion/year, that’s really not a lot. As Paul Krugman noted in a New York Times op-ed last week, the U.S. boasts a $17 trillion economy, so $51 billion amounts to one-third of one percent. Against the sheer size of the U.S. economy, it’s nothing more than a decimal place rounding error to take meaningful action against one of the greatest threats to the nation’s people, environment, and economy.